Bill C-32 - The Copyright Modernization Act- The digital locks provisions suppressing digital creativity by limiting the ways content is accessed and shared under the guise of copyright monitoring.
Bill C-51 - Anti-terrorism Act, 2015
By broadening government surveillance, it can intimidate and potentially suppress activists or controversial speech, infringes on privacy laws, allows increased surveillance with no substantive reason.
Bill C-58 - Amend the Access to Information Act and the Privacy Act
Promised enhanced government transparency but does not provide adequate public access to government-held information.
Bill C-59 - National Security Act, 2017
While intending to address C-51's controversial elements, maintains certain surveillance powers that infringe on privacy.
Bill C-22 - Internet Child Pornography Reporting
While aiming to protect against “child pornography”, it increased online surveillance, imposing on user privacy. Meaning all it would take is an accusation for intelligence and law enforcement have full ability to monitor you.
Bill C-30 - Protecting Children from Internet Predators Act
Grants police the power to monitor online activities without a warrant, endangering user privacy and curbing free discourse.
Bill C-74 - Investigative Powers for the 21st Century Act
By granting increased online powers to law enforcement, it suppresses online activities without proper oversight.
Bill C-10 - Broadcasting Act Amendments, 2021
This bill exerts control over user content on platforms like YouTube, suppressing creators if their content isn't government adjacent
Bill C-11 - Digital Charter Implementation Act, 2020
While aiming to safeguard user data, imposes limitations on online speech and digital interactions.
Bill C-12 - Amend the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act
Protects user data but also imposes rigid regulations that deter online business and interactions.
Bill C-13 - Protecting Canadians from Online Crime Act
While combating “cyberbullying”, it enhances police surveillance powers, infringing user privacy and free expression.
Bill C-36 - Amend the Criminal Code and the Canadian Human Rights Act
By aiming to curtail “online hate”, its wide-ranging definitions inadvertently limit legitimate speech.
Bill C-304 - Repeal section 13 of the Canadian Human Rights Act
Prior to its repeal, it suppresses online free speech by categorizing content as “ hate speech”
Provincial Privacy Acts - Data Protection Laws
These laws attempt to “protect user data” but also limit the public's right to know, especially concerning public figures or government actions.
Criminal Code (Sections 318-320) - Hate Propaganda Provisions
Suppresses free speech by the intentional use of vague definitions to categorize some content as "hate propaganda." Overbreadth allows intelligence to persecute political opponents or critics, particularly in public discourse.
Access to Information Act - Government Information Transparency
Allows the government to limit the flow of government information to the public, potentially hindering informed public discourse.
Telecom Act (Section 36) - Online Communication Regulations
Empowers authorities to control and potentially censor online communications, inhibiting open discourse.
The Public Safety Act (Bill C-17) - Post-9/11 Powers
Boosted post-9/11 governmental powers, which impinges on civil rights, including freedom of expression. This bill has been heavily scrutinized as a clear infringement on civil liberties, including “preventive arrests”, secret trials, and increased surveillance.
Bill C-18, or the Online News Act- an elaborate, orchestrated scheme to suppress news for Canadians